SEQuel: improving the accuracy of genome assemblies.

TitleSEQuel: improving the accuracy of genome assemblies.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsRonen R, Boucher C, Chitsaz H, Pevzner P
Date Published2012 Jun 15

MOTIVATION: Assemblies of next-generation sequencing (NGS) data, although accurate, still contain a substantial number of errors that need to be corrected after the assembly process. We develop SEQuel, a tool that corrects errors (i.e. insertions, deletions and substitution errors) in the assembled contigs. Fundamental to the algorithm behind SEQuel is the positional de Bruijn graph, a graph structure that models k-mers within reads while incorporating the approximate positions of reads into the model.

RESULTS: SEQuel reduced the number of small insertions and deletions in the assemblies of standard multi-cell Escherichia coli data by almost half, and corrected between 30% and 94% of the substitution errors. Further, we show SEQuel is imperative to improving single-cell assembly, which is inherently more challenging due to higher error rates and non-uniform coverage; over half of the small indels, and substitution errors in the single-cell assemblies were corrected. We apply SEQuel to the recently assembled Deltaproteobacterium SAR324 genome, which is the first bacterial genome with a comprehensive single-cell genome assembly, and make over 800 changes (insertions, deletions and substitutions) to refine this assembly.

AVAILABILITY: SEQuel can be used as a post-processing step in combination with any NGS assembler and is freely available at

PubMed URL
Alternate JournalBioinformatics
PubMed ID22689760